The first conference of the World Alliance for Arts Education of which INSEA was a member, was held in Hong Kong.
Al Hurwitz wrote The Gifted and Talented in Art: A Guide to Program Planning (Davis Publications). Alexander Alland, of Columbia University authored Playing with Form: Children Draw in Six Cultures. Alland studied the drawings of preschool children of six countries: Japan, Taiwan, Micronesia (Panopea), Bali, France and the U.S. Some findings were as follows: Papean children do not undergo the scribbling stage. Children in Bali and Ponape were not interested in telling stories. Balinese children received instruction in all arts, but visual art. Taiwanese children had wide exposure to museums, performances, etc. Although art instruction was minimal at the time Alland wrote, today art is now an accepted part of the curriculum. Japan had a program rich in variety of media, and drawings from the US had an "aggressive quality." Alland's book calls into question the universal assumptions of developmental stage theories.