Gene Blocker directed a conference to define the meaning or meanings of multi-cultural issues in art education. The proceedings were published in the "Journal of Aesthetic Education" and make a valuable contribution to the professional literature of art education. Professional gatherings often provided major sources of information not readily available in conventional literature. Example, the Penn State Seminar (1965) which moved to be an antecedent of the Discipline Based Art Educators movement and "The Arts in Their Infancy" held at the Maryland Institute College of Art.
The NAEA, during its 40th anniversary, sponsored Ralph Smith's Excellence in Art Education: Ideas and Initiatives. Smith states a case for critical study of art works because it questions the traditional belief in the centrality of studio based activities. The slow erosion of belief in the importance of creative activity began at the Penn. State Seminar in 1965 and proved to be an antecedent of the J. Paul Getty sponsored Discipline Based Art Education (DBAE) philosophy.
The historic "Seminar in Art Education for Research and Curriculum Development," held at Penn State University, was the first conference to bring together artists, critics, historians, philosophers, and art educators in an attempt to reevaluate the nature of curriculum in art education. The National Arts and Humanities Act created the National Endowment for the Arts.
Viktor Lowenfeld died after suffering a heart attack at a faculty meeting at Pennsylvania State University.
Viktor Lowenfeld joined the faculty at Penn State after teaching a summer session in 1945 and initiated a doctoral program.