Leilani Lattin Duke resigned as director of the Getty Center for Education in the Arts. Getty art education programs were significantly diminished.
In the largest art education reform initiative to date, six art education institutes established since 1988 in Florida, Minnesota, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, and Texas by the Getty Center for Education in the Arts supported discipline-based art programs in more than two hundred school districts in fifteen states, reaching close to a million students in kindergarten through twelfth grades. The institutes were based on findings from the Los Angeles Getty Institute for Educators on the Visual Arts (1982-1989), which served 1,300 teachers in twenty-one school districts in the Los Angeles area.
The Getty Center established art education institutes in Florida, Minnesota, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, and Texas. They supported discipline-based art programs in more than two hundred school districts in fifteen states, reaching close to one million K-12 students.
The NAEA, during its 40th anniversary, sponsored Ralph Smith's Excellence in Art Education: Ideas and Initiatives. Smith states a case for critical study of art works because it questions the traditional belief in the centrality of studio based activities. The slow erosion of belief in the importance of creative activity began at the Penn. State Seminar in 1965 and proved to be an antecedent of the J. Paul Getty sponsored Discipline Based Art Education (DBAE) philosophy.
The Getty Center for Education in the Arts was created as one of the Getty Trust's seven units. Headed by Leilani Lattin Duke, the Getty Center offered support for discipline-based art education in the public schools through a program of research, publications, conferences, grants, and regional institutes.