The differences between visual cultures and modernist art education was stated succinctly by Olivia Gude writing in Art Education: The Journal of the NAEA. Instead of drawing from elements and principles of art (line, form, composition, color rhythms, shape, texture, etc.) Gude suggested a new vocabularym one based upon "appropriation, juxtapositions, recontextualisation, layering interaction of image and text, hybridity, gazing and representing.” The fiftieth anniversary of the CSEA was celebrated at the national conference held in Edmonton, Alberta.
The Canadian Society for Education through Art (CSEA) was founded in Quebec City, largely due to the initiative of C.D. Gaitskell who was elected its first President. Also involved in the creation of this national association were Wynona Mulcaster of the Saskatoon Normal School, Murray MacDonald, Supervisor of art for Edmonton Public Schools, and Howard Dierlam, a teacher who eventually became Director of Arts and Craft for the City of Toronoto.