Under NAEA sponsorship, Elliot W. Eisner and Michael Day edited the Handbook for Research and Policy in Art Education. At 879 pages it is the most compendious book published in art education. Its 36 chapters and 30 contributors cover major issues from history and assessment to speculations on the future of art education.
In Art and Cognition Arthur Efland, like many of his colleagues, was concerned about the acquisition of knowledge and the multiple ways of gaining artistic comprehension. Cognition and inquiry were both major concerns in the 1950's. In the case of cognitive theory, the impetus came from Jean Piaget and Barbel Inhelder, psychologists who worked outside the the art education establishment, and Arthur Efland and Elliot Eisner who wrote from within the field.
Under the direction of Elliot Eisner, the Kettering Project at Stanford University developed a comprehensive elementary art curriculum based upon art content. This curriculum model used for the elementary school was centered around three domains: the productive, the critical and the historical. When French students rejected values of the status quo, they created a greater alliance between art politics and social change. The feelings of unrest and dissatisfaction among the students spread beyond Paris and influenced US academies in addressing issues, which were in many cases identical with the visual culturists some thirty years later. Excellent coverage of this period was to be found in C. Freeland's (2001) But Is It Art?, NY Oxford Press.
The International Society for Education through Art (INSEA) was founded by UNESCO in Bristol, England, with the guidance of Herbert Read. The purpose of INSEA was to provide periodic forums for art educators interested in the philosophy, objectives, curricula, and methodology of art education, within an international framework. Tri-yearly meetings were held on a national and regional basis. Americans who have served as presidents were Edwin Ziegfeld, Al Hurwitz, and Elliot Eisner. Florence Cane, The Artists in Each of Us. Cane's book made connections between art therapy and the talented child through a series of case studies. Mildred Landis, Meaningful Art Education, a textbook based on theories of John Dewey. A doctoral dissertation from Harvard. Rosabel MacDonald, published Art as Education. The Canadian art educator Charles D. Gaitskell discussed the problem of motivation for picture making and writes of the power to picture making to clarify thoughts and feelings. Charles Dudley Gaitskell, director of art for the Ontario Ministry of Education, Canada, from the mid-1940's to his retirement in 1973, was invited by UNESCO to direct a seminar in Bristol, UK. It led to the formation of the International Society for Education through Art (INSEA) and set the stage for establishing a Canadian version.